Endangered Species Conservation

Personnel: Neil Carter

We use human-environment systems science to study the interactions between subsistence-based agricultural communities and the globally endangered tiger in a biodiversity hotspot in Nepal. The challenges facing tiger conservation (e.g., habitat degradation, human-tiger conflict) epitomize the challenges facing wildlife conservation in many regions around the world. To date, we have evaluated and mapped human attitudes toward tigers, evaluated how land management practices and policies impact tiger habitat, assessed how tigers respond to human activities in space and time, and simulated tiger population dynamics for future scenario analysis. Our work has advanced human-environment systems science and informed conservation decision making. Yet, much more work remains to be done to help foster human-wildlife coexistence in regions around the world undergoing rapid social and environmental changes.